The Gambia is a West African nation with a population of about 1.8 million people. Whilst English is the official language, Mandinka, Wolof and Fula are the main indigenous languages with Banjul as the capital. Unlike many of its neighbors, the country has enjoyed a long period of stability after independence.
The Gambia gained independence from British rule in 1965 under the leadership of Dawda Jawara who ruled until he was overthrown in a bloodless coup in 1994. In spite of the general political stability, terrorist attacks can not be ruled out in The Gambia. The political crisis triggered by the election of Adama Barrow in January 2017 after defeating the long serving Yahya Jemmeh eventuated in a military intervention by the Economic Community of West African States. This resulted in his eventual exile in Equatorial Guinea where he currently resides.
Gambia faces an underlying threat of terrorism. With attacks in Mali, Cote d’Ivoire and Burkina Faso, Gambia remains a vulnerable spot for terrorist attacks. The pervasive presence of European tourists, including Britons, serves a potential attraction for terrorist attacks. Such can significantly curtail tourism, a huge source of revenue and further render the economic and security situation precarious for The Gambia.
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