Officially the Republic of Ghana, is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa. Spanning a land mass of 238,535 km², Ghana is bordered by the Ivory Coast in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, Togo in the east and the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean in the south. Ghana means “Warrior King” in the Soninke language.
The first permanent state in the territory of present-day Ghana dates back to the 11th century. Numerous kingdoms and empires emerged over the centuries, of which the most powerful was the Kingdom of Ashanti. Beginning in the 15th century, numerous European powers contested the area for trading rights, with the British ultimately establishing control of the coast by the late 19th century. Following over a century of native resistance, Ghana’s current borders were established by the 1900s as the British Gold Coast. It became independent of the United Kingdom on 6 March 1957.
Ghana is not insulated from terrorist attacks. In the last three years, an estimated number of between 100 and 120 Ghanaians may have joined international terrorist groups including ISIS whilst two (2) Ghanaians have been recorded to have lost their lives to terrorism overseas. This calls for robust collaborative counter terrorism measures aimed at countering the underpinnings of radicalization and violent extremism.
Widespread youth unemployment, marginalization and poor social support services expose the youth to vulnerabilities that can serve as conveyor belt to drugs, radicalization and violent extremism. Such pervasive factors in many parts of West Africa have served as fodder for human trafficking, illegal migration and terrorist recruitment.
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