Nigeria is the most populous nation in West Africa with a population of about 180 million. Following independence from Britain in 1960, Nigeria was divided along ethnic and religious lines. Faced with a mirage of economic, religious and ethnic divisions, Nigeria has been a sustained centre of terrorist activities. Separatist aspirations have been growing in Eastern region (Biafra) of the country led by the Igbo who are demanding separation from Nigeria. This has increased religious, economic and ethnic tensions among the various peoples of Nigeria.
After a failed attempt by Biafra to leave Nigeria resulted in the Biafran War, a renewed struggle for independence is being championed by the Indigenous People of Biafran (IPOB) by Nanmdi Kanu. Kanu together with his team run a London-based Radio Biafra and Biafra Television. These have been a rallying force for a huge number of especially Igbo people home and abroad.
Apart from the terrorist campaign in the North by Boko Haram and other splinter groups, the Biafran independence struggle has been a boiling point of contestation for Nigerian security. One of IPOB’s sister organizations, Movement for the Actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra (MASSOB) has accused the Nigerian Army and the police of extrajudicial killings of their members.